Have you heard of the mission to colonize the planet Mars? If you are curious about this inspiring idea, check out the top 3 problems preventing us from colonizing Mars.
1. Cosmic Rays
Cosmic rays are deadly for future voyages to Mars. Research from Georgetown University Medical Center sheds light on galactic cosmic radiation (GCR). It delivers massive damage to the gastrointestinal tract of astronauts on space voyages. Artificial cosmic ray particles bombarded animal tissue in their study. The researchers found that radiation causes health problems. This includes both immediate and long term effects.
These rays increased the risk of cancers that can easily damage the brain and nervous tissue. And now GUMC researchers think that the GI tract sees damage as well. GCR consists of heavy ions of elements like silicon and iron. These ions move through the body, absorb nutrients, and also increase cancer risk. You can also read more about colonize Mars in here.
Mars has a mission-killing problem on the surface: perchlorates
One day, if humans colonize the Red Planet, groups such as NASA will need to face this issue. But compounds called perchlorates cause thyroid disruption and other health problems. This is a substance that is an additive for rocket fuel. But it is present in dangerous amounts in Martian soil.
For that reason, two Texas Tech University researchers at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California took this issue head-on. They endeavored to discuss the human health problem that perchlorates pose. They also wanted to know if the compound had use for human advantage.
Todd Anderson is the interim director of the Institute of Environment and Human Health. He is also one of the presenters at the discussion last December. He said that Texas Tech researchers researched the problems with perchlorates for years.
3. Low Gravity
Do you know the surface gravity of Mars is only 38% of the severity of the Earth? And microgravity brings health problems like muscle loss and bone demineralization. We are not even sure if humans can conceive or have children in space. Let alone if a child could grow up in a microgravity situation. So, the low gravity of Mars causes health problems. Even kidney stones occur due to the conditions in space.
All in all, we have tremendous evidence that human colonization of Mars is not possible. Even the months-long journey there would have devastating and permanent effects. We are primarily considering that Earth’s magnetic field is not there to deflect particles. We should reconsider this issue and decide whether it is worth the time, energy, and mental effort. There are more pressing issues at hand.
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